Safety And Strength of Centaur Horse Fence

gmhfmHorse fences should be generally very strong as the animals are very health and possess good strength to break any of the minor fences and get out. There are varieties of fences available in the market among which you can choose the one that will suite your requirement. The centaur Hestehegn will be an ideal way to keep your horses within the area and protect them from other invaders. If you are choosing the centaur horse fences, you will be ideally choosing one of the most flexible and strongest horse fences. Not only the fence category rather your budget will be another important factor which should be considered while choosing the fence.

Advantages of centaur horse fence

People installing this particular variety of horse fence will ideally proceed with variety of its benefits. The manufacturers say that it is a time tested variety of Hestehegn which can be believed by closing your eyes. Since the material with which the horse fence is made is of a heavy weight polymer, it will certainly add value to the protective variation. Your horse will be really very safe within these

Why are some wild animals more tolerant to human interaction than others

fsjtyskWhen most wild animals first encounter humans, they respond as they would to any predator — by running, swimming or flying away.

Over time, some species become more tolerant of humans’ presence, but the extent to which they do is largely driven by the type of environment in which the animals live and by the animal’s body size, according to a comprehensive new analysis.

Researchers led by Daniel Blumstein, a professor and chair of ecology and evolutionary biology in the UCLA College, analyzed 75 studies conducted over the past half-century of 212 animal species — mostly birds, but also mammals and lizards. The scientists estimated species’ tolerance to human disturbance by comparing how far away from humans an animal would have to be before it fled — a statistic called ‘flight initiation distance.’

The paper was published in Nature Communications. Among the findings:

  • Birds in more heavily populated urban areas are much more tolerant of humans than birds in rural areas.
  • Larger birds are more tolerant of humans than smaller birds.

Although Blumstein said the first finding was to be expected, he

Pets may help reduce your risk of heart disease

gfjtrhsHaving a pet might lower your risk of heart disease, according to a new American Heart Association scientific statement.

The statement is published online in the association’s journal Circulation.

“Pet ownership, particularly dog ownership, is probably associated with a decreased risk of heart disease,” said Glenn N. Levine, M.D., professor at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, and chair of the committee that wrote the statement after reviewing previous studies of the influence of pets.

Research shows that:

  • Pet ownership is probably associated with a reduction in heart disease risk factors and increased survival among patients. But the studies aren’t definitive and do not necessarily prove that owning a pet directly causes a reduction in heart disease risk. “It may be simply that healthier people are the ones that have pets, not that having a pet actually leads to or causes reduction in cardiovascular risk,” Levine said.
  • Dog ownership in particular may help reduce cardiovascular risk. People with dogs may engage in more physical activity because they walk them. In a study of more than 5,200 adults, dog owners engaged in more

Pet Waste Station – How To Use Them Properly

Dog waste stations are very much required for a community to keep the society neat and clean. It is easy to handle the pet waste these days, and you can do so by purchasing a good dog waste station and maintain it. Before purchasing, have a deep look whether it is water tight, manufactured with good material, a quality product with all fittings well fixed.

Check the lid and the dog waste station function before going to purchase it. Make sure it is maintained frequently for a long lasting run and to prevent cost to purchase it again and again.

  • Use waste station only for dog waste

Make sure the  waste bin is only used for disposing dog waste. Do not unnecessarily mess the bin with other garbage. This will not only fill the bin early, but also costs a huge amount for making it repair in case of any damage. This will not only pollute the surroundings, but also the actual purpose of using it will be a question mark. Make aware of your community members to utilize it well and how to use it with care.

  • Maintenance

One should carefully check the frequency of making its service. As per the

Why are some wild animals more tolerant to human interaction than others

When most wild animals first encounter humans, they respond as they would to any predator — by running, swimming or flying away.

Over time, some species become more tolerant of humans’ presence, but the extent to which they do is largely driven by the type of environment in which the animals live and by the animal’s body size, according to a comprehensive new analysis.

Researchers led by Daniel Blumstein, a professor and chair of ecology and evolutionary biology in the UCLA College, analyzed 75 studies conducted over the past half-century of 212 animal species — mostly birds, but also mammals and lizards. The scientists estimated species’ tolerance to human disturbance by comparing how far away from humans an animal would have to be before it fled — a statistic called ‘flight initiation distance.’

The paper was published in Nature Communications. Among the findings:

  • Birds in more heavily populated urban areas are much more tolerant of humans than birds in rural areas.
  • Larger birds are more tolerant of humans than smaller birds.

Although Blumstein said the first finding was to be expected, he was initially surprised by the effect of body size because substantial evidence has shown that larger animals are most often more

A Simple Plan For Researching Pets

Things To Know Regarding Hypoallergenic Cats Just in case that you don’t know, hypoallergenic cats are the types of cats that are not likely to have allergic reactions to humans. Despite the fact that there are several debates ongoing towards the existence of a hypoallergenic cat, there could be no debate onto the fact that some breeds are causing more reactions to humans than the others. Humans may experience a bit of allergic reactions to hair cats similar to Sphynx. In addition to that, it is believed widely that the Siberian cats are producing less allergy causing protein. And in line with several experts studies, there are 5 cat allergens that are known to men and these include 2 biggest isuses for humans, cat IgA, Fel d 1, Fel d 2, Fel d 3 and Fel d 4. In regards to Fel d 1, this is a protein present in cats that are produced largely by their saliva. It is the main cause of allergies of a number of people who suffer when getting in contact with felines. But still, there is no concrete explanation to the function of such proteins but when having in contact to humans, it is

Aquarium Basics

Keeping an aquarium can provide immeasurable rewards and satisfaction. It does, however, require some work as well, and before you venture into the hobby, you’ll need some fundamental information.

Aquarium Image Gallery

The best way to begin is with a basic understanding of what happens in a successful aquarium. You’ll also need to know how to select a good aquarium store, one that can provide you with reliable equipment, service, and advice.

Finally, you’ll need to take the first step in planning your aquarium: selecting a tank and a suitable location for it.

Aquarium Water Quality

Aquarium water quality deteriorates for several reasons. As a part of their metabolism, fish produce various waste products that accumulate in the water, and other organic matter such as uneaten food decays into substances that can contaminate the water.

Over time, these pollutants build up in an aquarium to a level that is dangerous to the occupants. In their native environment, fish are protected from this problem by a natural system. The water in a river or lake is continually replenished with fresh rainwater, and different chemical and biological processes remove organic pollutants from the water.

To keep a healthy aquarium, you simply need to understand this natural system

Health Gains of a Vibrating Horse

As we all know, physical exercise or workouts on a regular basis are essential to maintain a healthy body. As per horse experts and veterinarians, a horse that undergoes vibration training with the assistance of Vibration Plate for Horseis less likely to have many common diseases. Besides providing overall exercise, a Vibrating Horse has the advantage of enhanced muscle strength and overall suppleness of the body.

A vibrating stall or body vibration platform is designed with exclusive technology in such a way, to enhance muscle strength of a horse and also to massage its body to improve blood circulation.

How a Vibration Plate Useful for a Horse?

  • Fresh Energy to Old Horses

A portable vibration plate or floor not only helps to maintain the horse active but it also aids the ageing horses to regain their vigour and energy. The continuous vibration helps to loosen up its entire body and thereby helps to relieve body soreness and arthritis. It is especially useful for horses which cannot workout, to sustain their muscle tone, regain the body elasticity and enhances strength of hoof wall.

  • Stimulate Blood Circulation

A 10 minutes duration of vibration therapy can also works wonders for horses in a number of ways. As a result

Strolling salamanders provide clues on how animals evolved to move from water to land

Around 390 million years ago, the first vertebrate animals moved from water onto land, necessitating changes in their musculoskeletal systems to permit a terrestrial life. Forelimbs and hind limbs of the first tetrapods evolved to support more weight. But what specific mechanisms drove changes in bone function?

The tiger salamander might provide some clues. A new study from a team of scientists from the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS) and Clemson University evaluates what mechanisms drive diversity in bone function, providing new insight into the evolution of how tetrapods–the earliest four-legged vertebrate animals–took their first steps on land.

In order to understand the biology of fossilized animals, researchers often turn to living animals with similarities that help model how extinct animals moved. Salamanders are particularly good organisms for studying how locomotion onto land evolved, as their anatomy and ecology is similar to the earliest tetrapods.

Bones must regularly withstand a variety of different forces, or “loads,” from both the contraction of muscles and from interaction with the environment. Limb bones in particular must accommodate some of the highest forces. Fossil records suggest that the forelimb and hind limb may

An arms race among venomous animals

In a new study published in the journal PLOS Genetics, scientists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have revealed new discoveries about how animal venom evolves. The research points to a ‘two-speed’ evolution of animal venom, showing for the first time the significant roles played by different forces of natural selection.

Venom is a complex mixture of proteins and other toxic chemicals produced by animals such as snakes and spiders, either to incapacitate their prey or to defend against predators. The influence of positive selection (the process by which a protein changes rapidly over evolutionary time scales) in expanding and diversifying animal venoms is widely recognized.

This process was hypothesized to result from an evolutionary chemical arms race, in which the invention of potent venom in the predatory animals and the evolution of venom resistance in their prey animals, exert reciprocal selection pressures.

In contrast to positive selection, the role of purifying selection (also known as negative selection, which is the selective removal of deleterious genetic changes from a population) has rarely been considered in venom evolution.

Moreover, venom research has mostly neglected ancient animal groups in favor of focusing on

Declines in whales, fish, seabirds and large animals disrupt Earth’s nutrient cycle

Giants once roamed the earth. Oceans teemed with ninety-foot-long whales. Huge land animals–like truck-sized sloths and ten-ton mammoths–ate vast quantities of food, and, yes, deposited vast quantities of poop.

A new study shows that these whales and outsized land mammals–as well as seabirds and migrating fish–played a vital role in keeping the planet fertile by transporting nutrients from ocean depths and spreading them across seas, up rivers, and deep inland, even to mountaintops.

However, massive declines and extinctions of many of these animals has deeply damaged this planetary nutrient recycling system, a team of scientists reported October 26 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

“This broken global cycle may weaken ecosystem health, fisheries, and agriculture,” says Joe Roman, a biologist at the University of Vermont and co-author on the new study.

On land, the capacity of animals to carry nutrients away from concentrated “hotspots,” the team writes, has plummeted to eight percent of what it was in the past–before the extinction of some 150 species of mammal “megafauna” at the end of the last ice age.

And, largely because of human hunting over the last few centuries,

Would you eat your pet cat

In most Western cultures cats are simply feline pet companions eager to greet us at the end of the day. In continents such as Asia and Africa, the social norms surrounding cats are very different; our furry friends commonly double up as dinner for a number of reasons ranging from food insecurity, simple preference or superstition. It is estimated that 4 million cats are consumed annually in Asia alone. Raymond Czaja et al recently conducted research on cat consumption in Anthrozoös. Their study reveals motives for, prevalence and methods of cat consumption in Madagascar and resulting public health implications for Malagasy citizens and beyond.

Cats and humans have interactions dating back 8,000 years. From ancient civilization until today they have served many and varied roles; deity, devil, pest controller, status symbol and straight forward household pet. Cat consumption though known is little understood, Czaja et al set out to illuminate causes and practices of eating cats in Madagascar. This Indian Ocean Island has weathered a HIV epidemic, a coup d’état and widespread economic instability within the last decade. Nevertheless the population steadily rises and malnutrition and poverty are rife. Cats are widespread across Madagascar

Food insects shuttle allergens into homes

The cause for the allergic reaction turned out not to be the lizard itself but the animal’s food. The grasshoppers used to regularly feed the lizard were revealed to be the source of the allergy.

First author Erika Jensen-Jarolim speaks of the tip of an iceberg: “Even colleagues with allergologic expertise could overlook insects as reptile food as a possible cause of such allergic reactions. Far too little is known about grasshoppers as a potential allergenic source in homes. We do know of cases, however, in which fish food has caused allergies. And insects are often processed in fish food.”

Grasshopper enzymes identified as allergens

For a long time, the cause of the allergic reaction in the eight-year-old Viennese boy remained unknown. The initial diagnosis was pseudo croup, an infection of the respiratory tract, and severe asthma. Allergy expert Jensen-Jarolim and her team considered the possibility of a pet allergy and chose to also test the reptile food: grasshoppers. An allergy skin test and evidence of specific IgE antibodies finally brought certainty: grasshopper allergens were the cause of the allergic reactions in the child.

“We were in the middle of a study investigating

Children often have a closer relationship with their pet than their siblings

It is really surprising that these children not only turn to their pets for support when faced with adversity, but that they do so even more than they turn to their siblings. This is even though they know their pets don’t actually understand what they are saying.

Matt Cassels had at least 10 pets when he was growing up and yet it had never occurred to him to think about how important his relationships with them were. Until he came to Cambridge and started working on a rich data set from the Toddlers Up Project led by Professor Claire Hughes at the Centre for Family Research.

This 10-year longitudinal study of children’s social and emotional development included a section on children’s relationships with their pets, as well as a broad range of other data from the children, their parents, teachers, and siblings.

Matt was looking for a research topic for his MPhil in Social and Developmental Psychology. He says: “The data on pet relationships stood out as it had never occurred to me to consider looking at pet relationships although I had studied children’s other relationships for some time and even though my own

Countering pet obesity by rethinking feeding habits

Amongst these shared human-pet comforts is the unique luxury to overeat. As a result, the most common form of malnutrition for Americans and their companion animals results not from the underconsumption, but the overconsumption of food. The obesity epidemic also causes a similar array of diseases in people and pets: diabetes, hyperlipidemia and cancer.

During this year’s ADSA-ASAS Joint Annual Meeting, five companion animal nutrition experts from around the world further examined the implications of over- or inaccurately feeding cats and dogs. “Companion Animal Symposium: Bioenergetics of pet food” was a part of the Companion Animal Science Program, an event sponsored annually by the George Fahey Appreciation Club.

Bioenergetics concern energy flow through living systems. Since obesity results from an imbalance of energy use and intake, bioenergetics help scientists understand the correlation between overweight animals and the food they consume.

The most definitive player in pet health is the owner. Dr. Kelly Swanson, Professor of Animal and Nutritional Sciences at the University of Illinois, says the first step in combating pet obesity is simply realizing that an animal is overweight.

“Owners need to actually recognize that their pet is obese, and is not just a funny, pudgy animal that looks cute,” said Swanson.

PET adapted treatment improves outcome of patients with stages I/II Hodgkin Lymphoma

Final results of the randomized intergroup EORTC, LYSA (Lymphoma Study Association), FIL (Fondazione Italiana Linfomi) H10 trial presented at the 13th International Conference on Malignant Lymphoma in Lugano, Switzerland, on 19 June 2015 show that early FDG-PET ( 2-deoxy-2[F-18]fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography) adapted treatment improves the outcome of early FDG-PET-positive patients with stages I/II Hodgkin lymphoma.

Dr. John Raemaekers of the Radboud University Medical Center Nijmegen and the Rijnstate Hospital Arnhem, The Netherlands, and EORTC principal study coordinator on behalf of the EORTC/LYSA/FIL Intergroup H10 team says, “Even though the prognosis for patients with stage I/II HL is excellent if they are treated with the standard regimen of chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy, tumor control could still be improved for specific subgroups of patients, and late toxicity could be reduced for others. This trial, therefore, addressed two questions. First, can the outcome for early FDG-PET-positive patients with stages I/II Hodgkin lymphoma be improved by administering early intensification of chemotherapy? Second, can involved-node radiotherapy be omitted from the standard combined modality treatment in early PET-negative patients?”

This intergroup trial demonstrated that patients with stage I/II Hodgkin Lymphoma, who are still FDG-PET positive after two cycles of ABVD chemotherapy, significantly benefit in

Pet ownership and its potential benefits for older adults

Medical problems that arise with older adults, such as physical illness and emotional issues, have the potential to be mitigated by companionship of pets because it reduces social isolation and enhances physical activity. But illnesses that are often associated with aging, ranging from arthritis to diabetes, make it hard or impossible for older adults to provide routine care for their pets. Financial barriers are another issue that older pet owners face.

In the article, the researchers describe these common issues affecting older adults, particularly those living alone. They tell a story about Janet, a 75-year old obese woman who has diabetes and arthritis, but really wants a cat for company. Though she described herself as a “cat lady,” she worries about the monetary investment and the fate of the feline should she fall ill or pass away.

When asked about what sparked the study, author Keith Anderson from the University of Montana commented “As a geriatric social work researcher, I’ve always been interested in finding creative, cost effective ways to improve the lives and well-being of older adults…My co-authors direct the Veterinary Outreach Program, affiliated with The Ohio State University, which provides mobile wellness care for the pets of older adults

Ways to avoid catching diseases from pets

As new medical diagnostics become available, researchers are increasingly discovering situations in which pets can transmit diseases to humans — especially when an owner’s immune system is compromised.

At The Ohio State University and partner institutions, researchers have compiled the latest information from more than 500 studies worldwide to make recommendations on how families can minimize the risk of disease transmission by choosing the right type of pet, or by making small changes in how they enjoy the pets they already have.

The review was published in the April 20 issue of CMAJ, The Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Salmonella, E. coli and roundworms are among the nearly 20 different diseases that people most commonly acquire from pets, explained Jason Stull, assistant professor of veterinary preventive medicine at Ohio State. Infants, the elderly, pregnant women, and people with limited immune function are most at risk for animal-borne, or zoonotic, diseases.

Since different species of pets — dogs, cats, rodents, birds, fish, reptiles and amphibians — carry different types of diseases and at different stages of life, Stull and his colleagues suggest that families talk to both their doctor and veterinarian about what pet is the safest choice for their family.

“It’s all about

Why do animals dig waterholes

Scientists from Berlin showed that animals in the Ruaha National Park in Tanzania, East Africa, already dig waterholes during dry seasons even if water is still available in the riverbed. When the river dries up and the water stops flowing, the water quality in the remaining pools deteriorates as they are contaminated with faeces and bacteria. In order to gain clean drinking water the animals have to find new water sources. The study has been published in the scientific journal “Mammalian Biology.”

Researchers from the German Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research (IZW) examined the relation between the digging of waterholes by wild animals and the availability and quality of water in the Ruaha National Park in Central Tanzania. With its National Park and its adjacent sanctuaries, the Ruaha ecosystem covers 50,000 km² of the miombo woodlands in Eastern and Southern Africa. The observations took place along the Great Ruaha River during three dry seasons from June to November 2011 to 2013. They clearly demonstrated that wild animals not only dig waterholes when the river is completely dried up but already when the river stops flowing. The water in the remaining pools was highly contaminated by bacteria

violent animal packs shaped the ecosystems of the Pleistocene epoch

For years, evolutionary biologists have wondered how ecosystems during the Pleistocene epoch survived despite the presence of many species of huge, hungry herbivores, such as mammoths, mastodons and giant ground sloths. Observations on modern elephants suggest that large concentrations of those animals could have essentially destroyed the environment, but that wasn’t the case.

Now life scientists from UCLA and other universities in the U.S. and England argue that the ecosystem was effectively saved by predatory animals that helped keep the population of large herbivores in check. Their findings, reported this week in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, show that intense, violent attacks by packs of some of the world’s largest carnivores — including lions much larger than those of today and sabertooth cats — went a long way toward shaping ecosystems during the Pleistocene epoch.

The research could have implications for animal conservation efforts today. The paper notes that many of today’s endangered species evolved during or before the Pleistocene epoch, and under very different conditions from today’s.

“Recreating these [Pleistocene] communities is not possible, but their record of success compels us to maintain the diversity we have and rebuild it where feasible,” the researchers write.

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